The Prophet Yusuf (peace be upon him) and his family settled in Egypt. They were
called the Israelites. Gradually they increased in number and gained considerable
power. These Israelites did not intermingle with other native people. They remained
isolated and were considered as foreigners in Egypt.
Cruel Act of Pharaoh in respect of Israelites:
"Surely Fir'aun exalted himself in the land and divided its people into parties, oppressing one party from among them by killing their sons and sparing their women. Surely he was one of the mischief-makers." (28:3, 5)
When the people heard those terrible orders they were much upset. The soldiers
started complying with the orders of their king. Whenever they got wind of the male
baby born to any family, they would yank him out of his mother's arms. They did not
care for the feelings of the crying mothers. They used to throw the infants
mercilessly into the river. It was an awful act of cruelty but no one dared to
disobey the orders of Pharaoh because every one was much scared of him. Many
innocent babies were drowned in this way and numerous unfortunate parents expressed
lamentations over the death of their dear ones.
The Prophet Musa (Moses) Enclosed into Chest and Cast into the River:
"And We revealed to Musa's mother saying: Give him suck. When you fear for him, cast him into the river and do not fear nor grieve, surely We will restore him to you and make him one of the apostles." (28: 7)
The same direction is expressed in other Verses:
"Call to mind the occasion when We revealed to your mother: Put him into the chest and cast it down into the river, then the river shall throw him on the shore; then shall take him up to one who is an enemy to Me and enemy to him and I cast down upon you love From Me and that you may be brought up before My eyes." (20:38-39)
When the Prophet Musa (peace be upon him) had attained the age of a few months, his mother got made a very tight box. She put a blanket in the box. She lifted her affectionate son and kissed him again and again. She put him in the box with tears in her eyes. Her heart was beating violently. She pushed the box into the water when it was still dark. The box moved slowly on the surface of the water. His sister watched the box at a distance but the mother went back home wailing and sobbing. She was full of anxiety due to the separation of her beloved baby.
The Prophet Musa's sister was hiding from place to place along the shore of the river.
She was constantly watching the box and praying for the safety of her
brother. The box went on moving and gradually came near the shore. Some People
were washing their clothes at the shore. By chance they saw the box floating slowly.
They waded through the water and picked up the box. They were greatly
surprised to see a beautiful infant enclosed in the box. He had a smiling
The Prophet Musa Grows up in Pharaoh's House:
"And Fir'aun's wife said: Joy of the eye to me and to you, do not slay him, may be he will be useful to us or we may take him for a son. But they knew not what they did.'' (28: 10)
The Prophet Musa (peace be upon him) became awfully hungry. He began to cry out of hunger. The baby was handed over to a woman who was appointed to nurse him. He did not take her breast and kept on weeping. Every one was in a fix what to do. The sister of Prophet Musa (peace be upon him) who was standing near remarked: May I bring a woman whom the baby requires? She was directed to go immediately and call her. She rushed towards her house and informed her mother of the whole situation. She requested her mother to accompany her to Pharaoh's house. The Prophet Musa (peace be upon him) was still crying due to hunger. The mother gave him her breast. He was much pleased and drank milk to his heart's content. Pharaoh's wife requested the mother of Prophet Musa (peace be upon him) to stay with them and nurse him. The Holy Qur'an states:
"So We restored him to his mother that her eyes might be refreshed and that she might not grieve and that she might know that the promise of Allah is true but most of them do not know." (28: 13)
The Prophet Musa (peace be upon him) was brought up in Pharaoh's house like a prince.
His mother was taking care of him and he was the apple of her eye. The
Prophet Musa (peace be upon him) learnt a great deal about Pharaoh and his indecent ways
of life. He came to know about his cruel treatment towards Israelites.
Although he led a luxurious life yet deep inside his heart he had pains.
An Egyptian is Killed by Prophet Musa:
The Prophet Musa Repents:
"He found therein two men fighting, one being of his party and the other of
his foes and he who was of his party cried out to him for help against him who was of his
enemies. Musa struck him with his fist and despatched him. He said: This is of
the devil's doing; surely he is an open enemy leading astray. He said: My
Lord: Surely l have done harm to myself, so, You should protect me." (18: 18)
The Prophet Musa's Migration and Marriage:
"A man came running from the remotest part of the City. He said: 0' Musa Surely the Chiefs are consulting together to slay you. Therefore, begone at once. Surely I counsel you as a friend." (28:19)
The Prophet Musa (peace be upon him) packed up his luggage and left Pharaoh's house in the pitch dark when every one was enjoying a sound sleep. He reached Madian after a long tiresome journey. He sat down to take rest near a watering place.
The Prophet Musa (peace be upon him) saw two young girls waiting at a distance.
Their sheep were standing near the spring for drinking water. The Prophet Musa
(peace he upon him) thought that the girls needed some help. Although he was tired
and hungry yet he wished to help them. He went up to the girls and asked if they
needed help. The girls were modest and bashful. They said that they were
waiting so that the shepherds might go away. The Prophet Musa (peace be upon
him) drove the sheep to the spring to drink water. It was a kind act of Prophet Musa
(peace be upon him). The girls expressed a deep sense of gratitude for this favour.
They took their sheep and proceeded towards their house. The Prophet Musa
(peace be upon him) went back to rest. He became depressed and prayed to Almighty
Allah to help him. In the meanwhile two women came to him and said:
The Prophet Musa (peace be upon him) accompanied them. When be entered the house, he introduced himself politely; Soon after he dined with the members of the family. The Prophet Musa (peace be upon him) was asked to stay with them. The time passed on happily. One day the master of the house said:
"I desire to marry one of these two daughters of mine to you on the condition that you should serve me for eight years but if you complete ten, it will be of your own free will, and I do not wish to be hard on you. If Allah pleases, you will find me one of good. He said: This will be an agreement between you and me. whichever of the two terms I fulfil, there shall be no wrong doing to me and Allah is a witness of what we say." (28:27, 28)
According to the agreement Prophet Musa (peace be upon him) got married to one of the
girls of that family. He took care of the farm and the sheep efficiently. The
Prophet Musa (peace be upon him) had been away from his family for many years. He
missed his kith and kin. One day he set out on a journey from Madian. His
family accompanied him.
The Call of Prophet Musa to Prophethood:
"Surely. I am your Lord: so put off your shoes because you are in the sacred Valley which is blessed twice I have chosen you; so hearken to what shall be revealed: Verily, I am Allah, there is no god but I, therefore serve-Me-and keep up prayers for My remembrance." (10: 22)
The Prophet Musa (peace be upon him) was puzzled and scared. The thing which
looked like fire was not fire in the real sense of the word but it was the reflection of
the glory of God. It was a moment of great honour for the Prophet Musa (peace be
Some Miracles of Prophet Musa:
Soon afterwards God ordered the Prophet Musa (peace be upon him) to thrust his hand into his armpit. He did so. When he took out his hand, it was shining white when he put his hand back into his armpit and pulled it out it had been changed into its normal position.
Allah, the Almighty made the Prophet Musa (peace be upon him) to perform those miracles
so that he might feel better and become sure of the existence of Allah and His power.
He was going to derive benefits out of such miracles in future.
The Prophet Musa Settles in Egypt Again:
The Prophet Musa Argues with Pharaoh:
"Then he threw down his staff and lo! it was an obvious serpent. And
he drew forth his hand and lo! it appeared white to the beholders." (26:32)
The Prophet Musa Contests with Magicians:
On the appointed day thousands of people gathered there. There was a great deal of excitement. Every one was eager to see the performances of the magicians of the king and the miracles of Prophet Musa (peace be upon him). First of all the royal magicians threw their sticks. They moved and looked like snakes from a distance. They deceived the eyes of the people and frightened them. The people were much surprised. They appreciated the magicians for their astonishing performances. Soon after the Prophet Musa (peace be upon him) cast his stick. The stick became a hungry serpent by the order of Allah. It wiggled and moved like a dart. It devoured every moving stick that the magician had thrown. The spectators were much impressed. Some of the priests thought that such miracles could be done only by the order of Allah. Most of the magicians drew back humiliated and prostrated themselves adoring. They said: We believe in the Lord of the Worlds; the Lord of Prophet Musa and Prophet Harun (peace be upon them).
On seeing this state of affairs Pharaoh was much worried. He became mad with rage because his men were inclined to follow the Prophet Musa peace be upon him) and adopt his new religion. He threatened them of dire consequences. He said:
"I shall certainly cut off your hands and your feet on opposite side, then I
will crucify you altogether. (7: 124)
Persecution of Prophet Musa slid his followers:
"O' Our Lord! Make us not subject to persecution of the unjust people, and deliver us by Your mercy from the unbelieving people." (20: 86)
When the Israelites were under the burden of hardships and sufferings, Allah ordered
the Prophet Musa (peace be upon him) to leave the area with his followers. He
promised to save them. In compliance with the Commandment of Allah the Prophet Musa
(peace be upon him) directed his people to migrate secretly to another place.
The Prophet Musa Leaves Egypt:
The Sea Splits and Pharaoh is Drowned:
"Strike the sea with the rod; and it clove asunder and each part become like a large mountain." (26: 60)
The water of the sea went up high with the great uproar. The bottom of the sea turned into dry land. It was an amazing miracle. The people could hardly believe their eyes. The Israelites ran desperately and went far ahead. Pharaoh and his huge army chased them in hostility. There was a great uproar again. The water from both the sides poured. It rushed over Pharaoh and his soldiers. They were completely drowned. The Holy Qur'an relates this incident in the following Verses:
"And We made the children of Israel to pass through the sea, then Fir'aun and his hosts followed them in hostility and for oppression until when drowning overtook him, he said: I believe that there is no god but He in Whom the children of Israel believe and I am of those who submit. What now! said God, and indeed you have been rebellious and was of the mischief makers. But this day We save you in your body so that you may be a sign to those after you and most surely most people are heedless of Our Signs". (20:90-92)
The body of Fir'aun is still present in the Egyptian Museum as an admonitory sign to those who are transgressors.
When Prophet Musa (peace be upon him) and thousands of his followers got rid of
Pharaoh, they expressed a deep sense of gratitude to Allah. They had witnessed an
impressive miracle. Now they were free to live according to the teachings of Allah.
The Prophet Musa Receives Instructions:
"My Lord! Show me Thyself so that I may look upon Thee. He said': you cannot bear to see Me but look at the mountain, if it remains firm in its place, then you will see Me. When his Lord manifested His glory to the mountain He made it crumble and Musa fell down in swoon. When he recovered, he said: Glory be to You: I turn to You and! am the first of believers". C7:142)
At the end of the appointed time Prophet Musa (peace be upon him) went to his people to
tell them about the revelations which he had received.
Israelites Worship the Calf:
Most of them did so hesitatingly but the others refused. The Prophet Musa (peace
be upon him) kept on conveying the people the new message of God.
"And when Musa prayed for drink for his people, We said: Smite with your staff the rock, and there gushed out therefrom twelve springs so that each tribe knew their drinking place: Eat and drink of that which Allah has provided and do not act corruptly making mischief in the earth." (2: 60)
The Israelites were of twelve branches each a descendant of a son of Prophet Ya'qub
(peace be upon him). So each branch came to drink from one of the springs of water
from that cliff. The people drank water to their hearts content. They do not
have to shove and push for the water because Allah gave them twelve springs.
Israelites Win Victory and Prosper:
As the years passed, they increased in number. They gained strength gradually. They formed a small army of their own and marched with faith in their hearts towards the rich blessed land. They fought hard and became victorious in the battle. They became the rulers of Palestine. The inhabitants of that land lived with them in peace and harmony. Allah showered favours on Israelites and they began to prosper wonderfull.
|Taken from: http://members.home.net/islam/prophets/moses.htm|
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